Numerous skin diseases can affect the human body, and the sebaceous cyst removal is one of them. A sebaceous cyst is classified as a noncancerous cyst of the skin. Although, it is not life-threatening when compared with other skin diseases such as skin cancer. However, failure to treat a sebaceous cyst on time can cause discomfort to the body. 

Before doctors can conclude on whether a particular skin disease is a sebaceous cyst or not, they will subject the patient to a physical examination. In some instances, doctors will run a background check of the patient’s medical history to know how best to administer treatment. In addition, the sebaceous cyst will be examined thoroughly to check for cancer signs in a patient.

What are the causes of sebaceous cyst?

A sebaceous cyst is a product of the sebaceous gland. The sebaceous gland is responsible for producing the oil called sebum. It is this oil that coats the hair and skin. For the cyst to break out, the gland that enables the passage of the sebum oil must have been damaged or blocked. The leading cause of this damage is due to trauma within the area. 

The trauma may be caused by a skin condition such as acne, a scratch, or a surgical wound. Sebaceous cysts usually take time to fully manifest, and when it does the cyst begin to manifest on the skin. Aside from damaged or blocked gland, other causes of sebaceous cyst include the following: 

  • Deformed duct 
  • When there is damage to the cell during surgical operations
  • Gardner syndrome or basal cell nevus syndrome 

What are the symptoms of sebaceous cyst?

Ordinarily, cysts are not painful at the inception stage. However, as the size begins to enlarge due to lack of treatment, it creates unimaginable pain and discomfort within the body. The body areas where cysts can be found include the back, neck, face, and scalp.

In addition, a sebaceous cyst can lead to life-threatening disease such as cancer if it begins to take the show signs of the following characteristics: 

  • If it resurfaces after treatment at a fast rate
  • The diameter is beyond five centimeters 
  • There are signs of infection such as pain, redness, or pus drainage

Diagnoses of sebaceous cyst

The best way to detect a sebaceous cyst is through a physical examination of the patient. However, if doctors feel some major concerns after the test, they may have to order additional testing to ensure cyst is not mistaken for cancer. 

Some of the ways of carrying out sebaceous test are:


  • Ultrasounds


The diagnoses aim to explain the cyst content.


  • CT scans 

This method helps doctors understand the best surgical procedure and provides insight into stopping the abnormalities.


  • Punch biopsy 

This procedure involves taking out a portion of the cyst for further examination in the laboratory for signs of cancer.  

Treatment of a sebaceous cyst

Your doctor can remove the cyst from the body either through draining or surgical procedures. As stated earlier, cyst does pose any threat to your health, and you will be asked to pick the treatment method suitable to your preference. However, research has shown that a cyst not treated using surgical procedure is likely to resurface again. So, to get rid of it finally, you should choose the surgical treatment method.

Final thought 

Most of the time, sebaceous cysts do not pose a bigger threat to the body. However, you should treat this promptly to avoid being exposed to worse health conditions.


If you think that you may have a sebaceous cyst and would like to have it examined by a doctor, arrange for an appointment with Skin Clinic Robina today, specialists in sebaceous cyst removal surgery.